Controversial supplement, DMAA, has been declared illegal in Ireland following a number of incidents worldwide and warnings issued by the U.S. Food & Drug Administration (FDA) in the United States.
The Food Safety Authority of Ireland (FSAI) and the Irish Medicines Board (IMB), issued a food alert warning to consumers to not buy supplements containing 1,3 –dimethylamylamine, commonly known as DMAA. The agencies say the warning was prompted after numerous adverse reactions, internationally, have been associated with DMAA-containing products, said Natural Product Insider. The agencies also advised sport and health stores, and Irish-based companies, to stop selling food supplements and products containing DMAA.
The Irish agencies explained that DMAA is an illegal central nervous system stimulant related to amphetamine. DMAA has been found in food and sports supplements imported form the U.S., they said, adding that DMAA “can cause high blood pressure, nausea, cerebral hemorrhage, stroke and, in serious cases, can be fatal,” according to Natural Product Insider.
As we’ve written, DMAA was originally developed as a nasal decongestant, but is now used as an ingredient in “workout boosters” sold under brand names like Lean Efx, Napalm, Nitric Blast and Jack3D. Some supplement makers claim DMAA is a “natural stimulant” derived from geranium extract, but a number of recent studies have failed to show that this is true. In January, the American Herbal Products Association (AHPA), the only national trade association focused on herbs and herbal products, informed its members that DMAA should not be labeled as a product of geranium oil.
Late last year, the U.S. Army pulled DMAA supplements from its commissaries after the sudden deaths of several soldiers were tied to the product. In late April, the FDA issued warning letters to 10 DMAA supplement makers, alleging sale of the chemical is illegal, as there was no evidence that DMAA deserved to be classified as a dietary supplement. Natural Products Insiders said that In the U.S.
Natural Product Insider noted that, according to professor Alan Reilly, Chief Executive, FSAI, DMAA is a stimulant for which safe human consumption levels have never been established. Reilly pointing out that a number of documented cases of severe negative effects on the heart and brain revealed DMAA consumption—especially when taken with caffeine—can cause significant human health risks. “Food supplements or products containing DMAA are deemed to be unauthorized medicines and, therefore, their supply is prohibited into and within Ireland,” Reilly said. “The manufacturers and suppliers involved operate outside the approved system for manufacture and supply of food supplements/products and medicines. Seeking to purchase these types of products supplied as food supplements on the Internet is a risk to health,” he added.
The agencies advised consumers not to purchase food supplements or products containing DMAA and to dispose of any of the following DMAA-containing products: Hemodrene, Hemorush, Crack, Marrow Matters, Jack3d, Spriodex, Napalm, and Lipo-6 Black. The agencies, said Natural Product Insider, note the list is not exhaustive.
The Food Standards Australia New Zealand (FSANZ) also issued a similar warning, saying that DMAA has been linked to an array of adverse health effects such as high blood pressure and vomiting, said Natural Products Insider.