By a vote of 5-0, the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) has announced that it has filed federal court complaints Ã¢â‚¬Å“charging five Web-based operations that have obtained and sold consumersÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ confidential telephone records to third parties with violating federal law.Ã¢â‚¬Â http://ftc.gov/opa/2006/05/phonerecords.htm.
According to the FTC, the named defendants in these cases are: 77 Investigations, Inc., and Reginald Kimbro, based in Upland, California, and using mailing addresses in Jacksonville, Florida, Broomfield, Colorado, and Nashville, Tennessee; AccuSearch, Inc., doing business as Abika.com, and Jay Patel, based in Cheyenne, Wyoming; CEO Group, Inc., doing business as Check Em Out, and Scott Joseph, based in Fort Lauderdale, Florida; Information Search, Inc., and David Kacala, based in Baltimore, Maryland; and Integrity Security & Investigation Services, Inc., Edmund L. Edmister, Tracey Edmister, and F. Lynn Moseley, based in Yorktown, Virginia, with a mailing address in Laguna Beach, California.
The agency is seeking a permanent halt to the sale of the phone records, and an order directing the operators to give up the money they made through their illegal operations.
Lydia Parnes, Director of the FTCÃ¢â‚¬â„¢s Bureau of Consumer Protection stated: Ã¢â‚¬Å“Trafficking in consumersÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ confidential telephone records is outrageous. It robs consumers of their privacy and exposes them to everything from snoops to stalkers. We intend to put a stop to it.Ã¢â‚¬Â
In testimony before Congress last February, the agency indicated Ã¢â‚¬Å“it was investigating companies that advertised on the Internet that they would obtain and sell telephone records.Ã¢â‚¬Â
The testimony disclosed that members of the FTC staff had Ã¢â‚¬Å“surfedÃ¢â‚¬Â the Web to locate companies that offered to sell consumersÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ phone records, identified targets, and completed undercover purchases of the phone records.
FTC staff then followed up with warning letters to operators of 29 Web sites that continued to advertise the sale of phone records to the public.
The Telecommunications Act of 1996 provides that customersÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ telephone records are their private property and can only be disclosed to the customer or with the approval of the customer.
According to the FTC complaints, Ã¢â‚¬Å“the defendants advertised on their Web sites that they could obtain the confidential phone records of any individual, including lists of outgoing and incoming calls, and make that information available to their clients for a fee.Ã¢â‚¬Â
Ã¢â‚¬Å“The account holders have not authorized the defendants to obtain access to or sell their confidential customer phone records. Instead, to obtain such information, defendants have used, or caused others to use, false pretenses, fraudulent statements, fraudulent or stolen documents or other misrepresentations, including posing as a customer of a telecommunications carrier, to induce officers, employees, or agents of telecommunications carriers to disclose confidential customer phone records,Ã¢â‚¬Â
The defendants then sold the records to third parties. According to a Commission complaint, one of the defendants, Integrity Security & Investigations Services, Inc., based in Yorktown, Virginia, also Ã¢â‚¬Å“advertised, obtained and sold consumersÃ¢â‚¬â„¢ financial records, including credit card information.Ã¢â‚¬Â
The agency charged that the practices Ã¢â‚¬Å“violate the FTC Act and has asked the courts to permanently bar the illegal practices and order the defendants to give up their ill-gotten gains.Ã¢â‚¬Â
The FTC was assisted in bringing these cases by the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) and it also acknowledged the assistance of Cingular Wireless LLC, Sprint Nextel Corp., and Verizon.
The Commission files a complaint when it has Ã¢â‚¬Å“reason to believeÃ¢â‚¬Â that the law has been or is being violated, and it appears to the Commission that a proceeding is in the public interest. Ã¢â‚¬Å“The complaint is not a finding or ruling that the defendant has actually violated the law. The case will be decided by the court.Ã¢â‚¬Â
Copies of the complaint and settlements are available from the FTCÃ¢â‚¬â„¢s Web site at http://www.ftc.gov and also from the FTCÃ¢â‚¬â„¢s Consumer Response Center, Room 130, 600 Pennsylvania Avenue, N.W., Washington, D.C. 20580.