Radiation is a useful tool for diagnosing and treating various diseases. But according to a report published by The New York Times over the weekend, accidental <"http://www.yourlawyer.com/practice_areas/medical_malpractice">radiation overdoses can lead to serious and painful complications – even death.
According to The New York Times, the lifetime dose of diagnostic radiation has increased sevenfold since 1980, and more than half of all cancer patients receive radiation therapy. As a result, Americans are being exposed to more radiation than ever before.
Sadly, the Times investigation revealed that radiation overdoses are more common than some might think, and such accidents can have devastating consequences. According to the Times, Dr. John J. Feldmeier, a radiation oncologist at the University of Toledo and a leading authority on the treatment of radiation injuries, estimates that 1 in 20 patients will suffer injuries.
Through the examination of public and private records and interviews with physicians, medical physicists, researchers and government regulators to conduct its investigation, the Times uncovered 621 mistakes involving radiation treatment errors from 2001 to 2008 at hospitals in New York State. In 133 of the cases, the devices used to shape or modulate radiation beams were left out, wrongly positioned or otherwise misused. In 284 cases, the investigation found radiation missed all or part of its intended target or treated the wrong body part entirely.
According to the Times, radiation errors were most often attributed to “software flaws, faulty programming, poor safety procedures or inadequate staffing or training.”
The Times article also highlights two patients who suffered greatly because of radiation overdoses. In one case, a 43-year-old man died in 2007, following radiation treatments at St. Vincentâ€™s Hospital in Manhattan for tongue cancer. The hospital failed to detect a computer error that directed a linear accelerator to blast his brain stem and neck with errant beams of radiation – on three consecutive days. Prior to his death, the radiation overdoses left the man in severe pain, deaf, struggling to see, nauseated and unable to swallow. He sustained burns, and the radiation caused his teeth to fall out and ulcers his mouth and throat.
In another case, a 32-year-old mother of two with breast cancer received three times the recommended dosage of radiation during all 27 scheduled treatments at the State University of New York Downstate Medical Center in Brooklyn because a therapist incorrectly programmed the linear accelerator. She was left with a gaping wound so painful that she considered suicide, the Times said. Her cancer returned while she was being treated for the wound, and ultimately proved fatal.
Unfortunately, the Times found that patients in New York are unable to vet the radiotherapy center where they get treatment because the state does not disclose where or how often medical mistakes occur. What’s more, fines or license revocations are rarely used to enforce safety rules. According to the Times, New York State issued just three fines against radiotherapy centers over the past eight years, the largest of which was $8,000.